504 Accommodations and Modifications for Dyslexia

SeeMyIEP.com had put together a list of 504 Accommodations and Modifications for Dyslexia.

Textbooks and Curriculum

  • Books/Reading
  • Provide audiotapes/CDs of textbooks and have student follow the text while listening
  • Provide summaries of chapters
  • Use marker or highlighting tape to highlight important textbook sections
  • Assign peer reading buddies
  • Use colored transparency or overlay
  • Review vocabulary prior to reading
  • Provide preview questions
  • Use videos/filmstrips related to the readings
  • Provide a one-page summary and/or a review of important facts
  • Do not require student to read aloud
  • Talk through the material one-to-one after reading assignments


  • Shorten assignments to focus on mastery of key concepts
  • Shorten spelling tests to focus on mastering the most functional words
  • Substitute alternatives for written assignments (posters, oral/taped or video presentations, projects, collages, etc.)

Classroom Environment

  • Provide a computer for written work
  • Seat student close to teacher in order to monitor understanding
  • Provide quiet during intense learning times

Instruction and Assignments

  • Directions
  • Give directions in small steps and with as few words as possible
  • Break complex direction into small steps—arrange in a vertical list format
  • Read written directions to student, then model/demonstrate
  • Accompany oral directions with visual clues
  • Use both oral and written directions
  • Ask student to repeat; check for understanding


  • Use worksheets that require minimal writing
  • Provide a “designated note taker;” photocopy another student’s or teacher’s notes
  • Provide a print outline with videotapes and filmstrips
  • Allow student to use a keyboard when appropriate
  • Allow student to respond orally
  • Grade only for content not spelling or handwriting
  • Have student focus on a single aspect of a writing assignment (elaboration, voice, etc.)
  • Allow student to dictate answer to essay questions
  • Reduce copying tasks
  • Reduce written work


  • Allow student to use a calculator without penalty
  • Use visuals and concrete examples
  • Use grid paper to help correctly line up math problems
  • Present information in small increments and at a slower pace
  • Take time to reteach if student is struggling to understand
  • Read story problems aloud
  • Break problems into smaller steps


  • Provide opportunity to test orally
  • Allow student to type responses
  • Read test to student
  • Evaluate oral performances more than written
  • Avoid penalizing for spelling errors, reversals, etc.


  • Go over directions orally
  • Permit as much time as needed to complete tests; avoid timed testing
  • Read test materials and allow oral responses
  • Separate content from mechanics/conventions grade
  • Provide typed test materials, not tests written in cursive
  • Allow student to respond on tape, with a typewriter, or by dictating answers to a tutor for assessment
  • Allow tests to be taken in a room with few distractions


  • Reduce reading assignments
  • Accept work dictated by student to a parent/tutor
  • Limit amount of time to spend on homework; have parents verify time spent on assignments